名创教材入学测验题

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新加坡-剑桥水平测试范例

小学一 / 二年级

Primary Two English Test

SECTION A: GRAMMAR

Choose the correct answer and write its number in the brackets provided.

1.Jane ________ not like to eat vegetables although her mother cooks them for her every day.

2.Ken ___________ a photograph of the lions before he left the zoo.

 take

 takes

 took

3."You have won the contest! This trophy is ___________,” my teacher said to me.

 hers

 mine

 yours

4.____________ boys across the road are my classmates.

 That

 These

 Those

5.That is the ________ painting I have ever seen.

 beautiful

 more beautiful

 most beautiful

Section B: Vocabulary

Choose the correct answer and write its number in the brackets provided.

6.Mrs Toh followed a _____________ and baked a delicious cake.

 manual

 menu

 recipe

7.The path is so _____________ that only one person can pass through it at any one time

 broad

 narrow

 wide

8.The little girl ____________ in fear when she saw a big snake in front of her.

 danced

 moved

 shivered

9.“Please buy me a rabbit.” Kumar __________ his parents.

 commanded

 begged

 requested

10. The burglar entered the house _________________ as he did not want to wake the owner up.

 clumsily

 noisily

 quietly

Section C: Close Passage

For questions 11 to 14, read the passages below carefully. Choose the answers from the words given in the box. Each word is given a letter name (A to F). Write the letter for the correct word in each blank.

USE EACH WORD ONCE ONLY Passage 1

Passage 1

 (A)  what  (B)  when  (C)  where
 (D)  which  (E)  who  (F)  whose
I lost my wallet yesterday. I searched the whole house, but could not find it I wondered (11) l had put it. I looked at my siblings. “(12) one of them could have taken it?”
Just then, Mother came out from the kitchen. “Do you know (13) wallet this is? I found it in the refrigerator,” she said.
My siblings smiled at each other. Now I know (14) had happened. They hid my wallet in the refrigerator.

Section D: Word Order

Arrange the words in the correct order to form a sentence or question. Begin with the underlined word.

15. received week from parcel his He last a grandmother

16. you play tomorrow Do want with to badminton me

Section E: Comprehension


Read the passage below carefully.


      It was John's eighth birthday. His parents and brother, Peter, took him to the Society For The Prevention Of Cruelty Of Animals (SPCA). Mother said, “John, it is your birthday and we are adopting a puppy for you.”


      “Yipee!” John shouted. He was excited and could not wait to choose a puppy. A lady from the SPCA welcomed them and brought them to a room. John and Peters eyes widened as they entered the room. They have never seen so many dogs of different breed and sizes.


      “Woof! Woof!” A bark caught John’s attention. John turned and saw a black and white puppy. It was wagging its tail and staring at him with big round eyes. It was love at first sight. It looked very adorable with a black patch all over its left eye. John went closer to the puppy and said, “I am going to name you, ‘Patch’ and I promise to take good care of you.”


      Just then, Peter said, “Patch looks like a pirate.” Everyone laughed. The lady took the puppy out of the cage and handed it to John. Immediately, John grinned from ear to ear. Then he thanked his parents as he cuddled Patch in his arms. At that moment, Patch licked John's face lovingly.

For Questions 17 to 18 (1 mark each),choose the correct answer and write its number in the brackets provided.

17. John and his family went to SPCA to _____________________.

 adopt a puppy

 look at some animals

 learn how to care for animals

18. The boys’ eyes widened because _________________.

 a dog barked at them

 the room was very big

 there were many different dogs in the room

Answer questions 19 to 22 in complete sentences.

19. Which sentence in the passage tells you that John liked the puppy immediately when he saw it?

20. Why did Peter say that Patch looked like a pirate?

21. What did John first do when the puppy was handed to him?

22. What did Patch do to show that it was happy with its new owner?

小学三年级

Primary Three English Test

Section A: Grammar

Choose the correct answer and write its number (1, 2, 3 or 4) in the answer sheet.

1.Our class ____________ to Genting Highlands for a short holiday this weekend.

 go

 is going

 was going

 were going

2.Thomas’s shirt ____________ too tight for him. He has since thrown it away

 are

 was

 were

 will be

3.Mary and her sister, Sammy, ____________ for school an hour ago.

 left

 leave

 leaves

 was leaving

4.Finding it hard to keep the news to ____________, Susie blurted it out to everyone in the room.

 myself

 herself

 ourselves

 themselves

5.The scouts _________ free pamphlets in the mall yesterday when the fire alarm went off.

 distributed

 was distributing

 were distributed

 were distributing

6.___________ boxes over there are obstructing the fire escape. Please remove them as soon as possible.

 This

 That

 These

 Those

7._____________ people have handphones these days as they are so affordable.

 few

 little

 more

 lesser

8.“Checking through your answers before submitting to your teacher will not take _____________of your time,“ Mr Smith reminded his son.

 any

 some

 many

 much

SECTION B: VOCABULARY

For each question from 9 to 14, four options are given. One of them is the correct answer. Choose the correct answer.

9.The heavy downpour was ___________ as the meteorologist had forecasted fine weather.

 predicted

 surprised

 intensified

 unexpected

10.The bully’s words __________ Weiming so much that he lost his temper and yelled loudly.

 thrilled

 pleased

 annoyed

 encouraged

11.The young pop star’s foolish and rude behavior has completely destroyed his fans’ ______________ for him.

 envy

 jealousy

 affection

 bitterness

12. Ahmad rested at home for two days to _________ from the bout of flu.

 recover

 respond

 stomach

 progress

13. The creature in the movie was so _________ that the audience screamed with fright when it appeared.

 rare

 unique

 hideous

 mischievous

14. “Please place your shoes in a corner so that nobody will ___________over them," Mrs Tan told the students.

 trip

 spit

 spill

 tangle

SECTION C: GRAMMAR CLOZE

Read the passage carefully. Choose the correct word from the words given in the box and write its letter (A to G) in each blank. USE A WORD ONCE ONLY.

 (A)  about  (B)  between  (C)  from  (D)  of
 (E)  off  (F)  than  (G)  with    

Passage 1

The word ‘sloth’ means ‘laziness’. ‘Sloth’ is also the name (15) a funny-looking animal. Its name is fitting as the animal is terribly lazy.
A sloth is a small animal (16) grey or brown fur. It has a round head and has no tail. The sloth's front legs are longer (17) the back legs. Its feet are always curved and it always hangs upside down from a tree branch.
A sloth is a nocturnal animal. It sleeps during the day and looks for food at night. During the day, it puts its head between its front legs and looks like a ball. At night, it eats the leaves hanging (18) branches. It also eats small animals like insects that happened to trespass its territory.

Section D: COMPREHENSION I


Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.


      Daniel went out to the beach to catch some crabs. Suddenly, he saw a big crab scurrying to its hole. He put his right hand into the hole and wanted to seize it.


      Instead, he cried out in pain as his hand was bitten by two large pincers of the crab. He grimaced in pain as he waved his injured hand in the air. However, the crab still held firmly onto his hand.


      He tried to dislodge the crab by shaking it off, but it was a futile attempt. His hand was bleeding as he tried other means of getting rid of it. He slammed it into the surface of a rock. It produced partial relief as one of the hard pincers came off.Sadly, his ordeal was still not over.


      The pain proved unbearable to Daniel. His eyes brimmed with tears and he winced in agony. Fortunately, a holidaymaker happened to pass by at that moment. On seeing the boy’s plight, he smashed the crab with a stone. He did it cautiously without hurting the boy’s hand. The crab immediately loosened its grip on the victim.


      The holidaymaker and three other passers-by rushed Daniel to the hospital for medical attention.

19. List any two ways by which Daniel tried to get rid of the crab. [2m]

(i)

(ii)

20.Which word has the same meaning as ‘filled’? Circle either (A) or (B).

     His eyes brimmed (A) with tears and he winced (B) in agony.

21.‘He did it cautiously without hurting the boy's hand.’ What does ‘it’ refer to?

22. What lesson do you think Daniel will learn after this experience? Choose one of the following answers:

     Daniel will learn to:

 think before he acts

 not go against the rules

 try to catch a crab with his bare hands again

Section E: COMPREHENSION II


Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.


      Old Man Donovan was a mean man who hated children. He threw rocks at them and tied them up on the trees. At least that was what we heard.


      His small farm bordered our neighborhood where my sister, Anne and l lived when we were growing up. It was long, narrow and quaint. It held two treasures. One was his beautiful fruits. There were many varieties of juicy. luscious fruit: pears, apples and many more. They naturally drew the children to his land and made them into thieves. However, my sister and l did not dare to take his fruit because of the rumours we had heard of Old Man Donovan.


      One summer day, we were playing in a nearby field and it was time to head back home. There was a short cut to our house that went through the Donovan farm. We thought that he would not be able to see us run across his property around the fruit trees. We were almost through the farm when we heard, “Hey, girls!" in a gruff low voice. We stopped dead in our tracks and came face to face with Old Man Donovan.


      “Come here.” he said, reaching up to one of his apple trees. Still shaking, we went over to him. “Take these home.” he commanded. We took the apples and ran all the way home.


      As time went by, we often went through the farm. Old Man Donovan kept giving us more fruits and we talked to him for hours. We realised that we have found the other treasure: the sweet, kind heart hidden behind his gruff voice.


      Since then, my sister and l learnt not to judge a heart until you know it. One must just find a hidden treasure.

Write your answers in complete sentences.

23.What did the author and her sister hear about Old Man Donovan?

24.“They naturally drew the children to his land and made them into thieves.” What did the other children do when they went into Old Man Donovan's garden?

25.Why did the girls take the road through the farm?

26.What were the treasures that the girls found in the Old Donovan Farm?

小学四年级

Primary Four English Test

Section A: Grammar

Choose the correct answer and write its number (1, 2, 3 or 4) in the answer sheet.

1.“Call me later. I _______ my baby sister now," Anna said.

 fed

 feeds

 have fed

 am feeding

2.May and her sister read the recipe and cooked the dish _________.

 herself

 himself

 ourselves

 themselves

3.During English lesson yesterday, Mr Lim _______ annoyed when the pupils kept interrupting his lesson.

 is

 are

 was

 were

4.Matthew ________ very happy when his friends told him the news.

 is

 are

 was

 were

5.Two days ago, we ________ in the debate tournament after training for weeks.

 participate

 participated

 have participated

 were participating

6.While Mother _________ a shower, the phone rang.

 takes

 will take

 has taken

 was taking

7.________ shopper queuing there is waiting to collect his free gift.

 That

 This

 These

 Those

8.We must leave soon as we have very _______ time left to reach school.

 few

 little

 many

 much

Section B: Vocabulary

Choose the correct answer and write its number (1, 2, 3 or 4) in the blanket.

9.The spectators need not worry about where to park their cars as there is __________ parking space at the Sports Hub.

 full

 ample

 restricted

 insufficient

10.She always has an __________ for cakes, no matter how much she has eaten.

 appetite

 ambition

 attention

 aspiration

11.The vicious dog attacked a child and had to be __________ .

 put in

 put off

 put back

 put down

12. During the famine, there was a shortage of food and many people _________ to death.

 froze

 burnt

 starved

 drowned

13. The concert will be _________ to a later date.

 modified

 Improved

 concluded

 postponed

14.When the singer won the most popular singer award, she was _________ and shed tears of joy.

 in hot water

 over the moon

 at loggerheads

 green with envy

Section D: Vocabulary Close

Read the passage carefully. Choose the correct word from the words given in the box and write its letter (A to K) in each blank. The letter ‘I’ has been omitted in order to avoid confusion during marking.

 (A)  about  (B)  between  (C)  from  (D)  of
 (E)  off  (F)  than  (G)  with  (H)  halt
 (J)  increased  (K)  protecting        
The leatherback turtle has survived for more than a hundred million years but is now facing extinction. The leatherback turtle population in Malaysia has (15) , with not a single nesting sighted so far this year, (16) ongoing conservation efforts.
The eastern Terengganu coast in Malaysia used to be one of the largest nesting sites for the (17) leatherback turtle, where thousands of female leatherbacks, having crossed the Pacific Ocean, return to the place they were born.
In the last two decades, their numbers have dwindled (18) Last season saw just two nests on the beach and this year, there has been none. This is in spite of strict laws (19) nesting sites and efforts to build hatcheries.
Conservationists. and wildlife experts called for an immediate action plan to (20) the decline. They blame global climate change, egg harvesting and (21) coastal fishing for upsetting the turtles’(22) habits. “Many turtles have died from injuries caused by fishing boats, ”said Simmonds, a conservationist.

Section H: Comprehension (Open-ended)


Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow. Write your answers in complete sentences.


      Sixty-year-old Chen leads her life with a daily routine - waking up in the wee hours of the morning, she makes her way to the vegetable wholesaler, collects her vegetables and sets up her stall at the market, which she tends all by herself till seven or eight in the evening. Being the first to arrive and last to leave, the other stall owners have fondly given her the title of ‘market manager’.


      The stall her father left her means everything to her. Even though she does not earn much from selling vegetables, she is able to donate a large sum of money towards various charitable causes, including helping schools, orphanages and poor children.


      Oscar-winning director, Lee Ang, said of Chen, “Money is only worthy if given to those in need.” He added, “Of all she has given away, her greatest gift is to set a good example to others and inspire them.”


      Regular customers turn up at the stall with a vegetable basket and a camera, hoping for a picture with Chen. Despite all the attention, Chen remains humble. “l have done nothing extraordinary and everyone who wants to can do it. l do not place great importance on money. When l donate to help others, l feel happy and l can sleep well at night.”


      “My philosophy in life is simple: lf doing something makes you worried, then it must be wrong. If it makes you happy, then you must have done the right thing. What others say is not important.” says Chen.

Answer these questions in complete sentences.

23.Where does Chen get her vegetables from?

24.Why do the other stall owners call Chen the ‘market manager’?

25.Which sentence in the second paragraph tells us that Chen's vegetable stall was passed down to her?

For 26-29, read each statement and choose “True” or “False” and state the reason from the passage. The first example has been done for you.

Example:

Regular customers at Chen’s stall wanted an autograph from her.

 True

 False

26.Chen sells vegetables only on weekends.

Answer:

27.Chen does not hire any worker for her stall.

Answer:

28.According to Lee Ang, Chen is not a good role model to others.

Answer:

29.Besides being humble, what other word would you use to describe Chen? Explain why.

Answer:

小学五年级

Primary Five English Test

Section A: Grammar

For each question from 1 to 10, four options are given. One of them is the correct answer. Write down your answer.

1.When Kelly was staying with her grandmother, she always ________ her to the market on weekends.

 accompany

 accompanies

 accompanied

 accompanying

2.The children were not in the classroom when l went in. They might __________ gone to the library.

 has

 had

 have

 having

3.I have to go to the library now. Peter ______ for me there.

 waits

 waiting

 is waiting

 has waited

4.Intricate pieces of artwork are ________ off at this gallery every month.

 auction

 auctions

 auctioned

 auctioning

5.Belinda saw Ken the bowl ofrioe which was meant for Bob;

 finish

 finishes

 finished

 had finished

6.Jeremy, ___________ leg was injured, was unable to take part in the competition.

 who

 which

 whom

 whose

7.Tiffany and her two best friends planned the entire celebration all by _____________.

 herself

 yourself

 ourselves

 themselves

8.Mingli and Ali should be given a second chance, ____________ they?

 do

 don’t

 should

 shouldn’t

9.We have to hand ______ this assignment to our teacher by next Friday.

 in

 up

 out

 down

10.________ of a flower-themed decoration, you could go for a nature-themed one.

 Apart

 Instead

 Despite

 Besides

Section B: Vocabulary

For each question from 11 to 15, four options are given. One of them is the correct answer. Make your choice (1, 2, 3 or 4) and write your answer.

11.The crime took place in the _______ of Stamford Shopping Mall.

 ward

 fringe

 vicinity

 boundaries

12.Janet showed her ________ against her mother by refusing to eat her dinner.

 reliance

 defiance

 reluctance

 compliance

13.The _________ clown entertained the crowd with his funny expressions and exaggerated actions.

 revered

 animated

 monotonous

 distinguished

14.After ten minutes, Violet was still _________ with her sister over who got to ride in the front seat of the car.

 sulking

 agreeing

 squabbling

 confronting

15. Within minutes, flames from the explosion _________ the car.

 doused

 covered

 engulfed

 smothered

Section C: Vocabulary Cloze


For each question from 16 to 20, choose the word(s) closest in meaning to the underlined words. Write down your answer.


      I was thirteen when l heard that my mother was pregnant. l was (16) dumbfounded and all l could think of was that nobody would have a new sibling when they were already this old. Then, the realisation that I was going to share my parents with another person hit me. l was overcome with (17) resentment and confusion.


      My parents involved me in all the preparations for the new baby. However, I could not help but be (18) unduly worried about this new addition to my family.


      17 June of the following year was a (19) phenomenal day for me. I was in the waiting room that day when the doctor announced that the baby was a girl. I cried. I had a baby sister!


      Months elapsed and all my fears and insecurities have passed. l never thought l could (20) adore a baby this much. l would not trade the joy I get from being her big sister for anything.

16.  quiet

        foolish

        ignorant

       speechless

17.  fear

        emotion

       indignation

       bewilderment

18.  aptly

        constantly

       excessively

        surprisingly

19.  anxious

        anxious

       accidental

        extraordinary

20.  love

        foster

       foster

        foster

Section D: Comprehension Cloze

In the following passage, there are 15 blanks numbered 51 to 65. Fill in each blank with a suitable word.

The word rhinoceros means "horned nose". Rhinoceroses have either one(21)two horns. Their horns are(22) of keratin, the same(23) as a person's nails and hair. They use their horns to threaten enemies. They also dig with their horns and can use them to uproot small trees.
Rhinoceroses live in home ranges and share their feeding grounds. Some of them are solitary while others tend to live in(24) As they cannot see very well, they(25) heavily on their sense of smell and sense of hearing. They use an extended vocabulary of growls, grunts, squeaks, snorts and bellows.
Rhinoceroses are rather ill-tempered and have become more so in areas where they have been constantly disturbed. When attacking, a rhinoceros lowers its head, snorts and breaks into a gallop, achieving a (26) of 50 kilometres an hour. It gores its enemies or strikes powerful blows (27) its horns. Despite its (28) the rhinoceros is very agile and can tum quickly in a small space.
The rhinoceros is prized for its horn. The major demand for rhinoceros horns is in Asia, where they are sometimes (29) in traditional medicine. An adult rhinoceros has no natural predators and its exploitation by man is the main (30) for its demise.
The dramatic(31) in the number of wild rhinoceroses is worrying, but efforts are underway to protect the species and save it from (32) To discourage poachers, some rhinoceroses have been tranquilised and have had their horns removed. Armed park rangers, particularly in South Africa, are also working on the front lines to (33) poaching, often meting out harsh (34) to poachers who are caught in the(35) Hopefully, as people become more aware of the rhinoceros‘s plight, we can do something to save this majestic animal.

Section E: Comprehension Open-ended


Read the passage below carefully and answer questions 36 to 43.


      Aaron beamed as he opened his front door. It was the last day of school and Aaron was looking forward to four weeks of freedom. "Aaron, do you have your inhaler?" his mother called out from the kitchen. His grin vanished as he fingered the inhaler in his jacket pocket. Every day, he was reminded of his condition. If it were not for the fact that he suffered from asthma, he would be the most popular person in school. Nodding, he left the house, ignoring his mother’s pleas to take the bus.


      The five-kilometre walk was laborious and Aaron experienced breathing difficulties within minutes. The cold wind blowing against him only aggravated his condition. He was nearly at the school gates when his chest felt tight. He fumbled in his pocket for the inhaler and shook it. He was just about to take two puffs when he spotted Scott walking in his direction.


      Scott stared pointedly at the inhaler in his hand, and Aaron felt himself flushing. Under pressure to hide his condition, Aaron laughed nervously and threw the inhaler as far as he could, rambling on about how he had happened to find it on his way to school. When Scott was not looking, he quickly studied the place where his inhaler had fallen, intending to retrieve it after school that day.


      Later on, Aaron felt his chest getting tighter. He felt in his pocket for his trusty inhaler but was annoyed to find it missing. He decided to go to the sick bay for his extra inhaler. He wanted to run out of the classroom but had to be careful not to attract the attention of his classmates. As much as possible, he had to conceal his secret. He forced himself to participate in’ a discussion on the latest computer game. However, it was almost impossible to focus on what his friends were saying. His chest was constricting by the minute. That was how an attack hit him sometimes, quick and without warning.


      Alarmed, he skulked away from the conversation and dashed towards the sick bay, signalling to Britney, the school nurse, for help. She recognised Aaron immediately and rummaged through the box of medications. Finally, she flshed out his inhaler. Aaron put it to his mouth and squeezed. Nothing came out. He tried again. Still, there was nothing. Shaking his inhaler desperately, he was filled with dread as he learnt that it was empty. His coughs became more violent as he watched Britney race for the telephone.


      Defeated, Aaron was filled with regret. If only he had not tried so hard to conceal his health condition in front of Scott and his friends. Suddenly, he realised what he had to do. He bolted towards the school gates and ran outside. His eyes darted around, searching. Fallen leaves peppered the sidewalk, prolonging his search. Then, under a clump of leaves, he glimpsed a shred of familiar grey plastic. He 'grabbed his lifesaver and examined it briefly before he shook it and took one puff, then another. Instantly, his lungs began to soak up the air.


      Aaron collapsed to the ground in relief, looking up only when he heard Britney's footsteps racing towards him. Giving her a feeble smile, he allowed her to help him up and to the kerb like a stray animal. Minutes later, the paramedics arrived, eager to know why they had been summoned.


      In front of the medical professionals, Aaron acknowledged his malady. “l had an asthma attack,” he whispered as he held up his inhaler, “but I’m totally fine now.” Skeptical, the paramedics led Aaron to the back of the ambulance, where they performed more checks. After the examination, they informed Aaron that his chest was still a little tight and gave him a breathing treatment.


      After the ordeal, Britney admonished Aaron for taking his condition lightly, reminding him that people have, in fact, died from asthma attacks. Aaron nodded solemnly.

ANSWER IN COMPLETE SENTENCES.

36. What two factors could have caused Aaron to experience breathing difficulties on his way to school?

(i)

(ii)

37. Why did Aaron lie to Scott about flnding an inhaler on his way to school?

38. In paragraph 4, what did Aaron do to conceal the fact that he was experiencing signs of an asthma attack from his classmates?

39. Based on the passage, state whether each statement below is true or false, then give one reason why you think so.

i. Aaron threw his inhaler away to get rid of it for good.

(1)True

(2)False

Reason:


ii. Aaron went to the sick bay often.

(1)True

(2)False

Reason:

40. Why did Nurse Britney race to the telephone?

41. Which three-word phrase in paragraph 6 tells us that Aaron realised he had made a mistake?

42. In line 30, Aaron “realised what he had to do." What did he need to do?

43. Why did Aaron find it hard to locate his inhaler?

小学六年级

Primary Six English Test

Section A:

For each question from 1 to 7, four options are given. One of them is the correct answer. Make your choice (1, 2, 3 or 4). Write down your answer in the blanket.

1.I congratulated him _______ his success in gaining entry into the most prestigious university.

 in

 of

 on

 with

2.Nobody, except the twins,_________ out the solution to the problem sum yet.

 work

 works

 has worked

 have worked

3.Happiness overwhelmed the new mother, _________ tears of joy to her eyes when she saw her newborn cradled snugly in her arms.

 bring

 brings

 brought

 bringing

4.“You rarely keep your promises, ________ you?’ said Sam in disappointment.

 do

 did

 don't

 didn't

5.The price of movie tickets ________risen. I cannot afford them anymore.

 is

 are

 has

 have

6.Mrs Jenkins ______ we all loved and respected finally retired at the age of eighty.

 who

 which

 whom

 whose

7.The teacher made Hamid ________ that it was wrong to falsely accuse his classmate of theft.

 realise

 realises

 realised

 had realised

For each question from 8 to 12, four options are given. One of them is the correct answer.Write down your answer.

8.The instruction booklet was ________ into different languages to cater to customers of different nationalities.

 translated

 transferred

 transmitted

 transformed

9.The politician's biased comments __________ vehement protests from shocked citizens across the nation.

 piqued

 evoked

 extracted

 produced

10.The scouts heard the ________ of burning wood as they gathered around the campflre.

 sizzling

 cackling

 crackling

 sputtering

11.On Chinese New Year, my family and I are planning to _________ my maternal grandparents who are living in Malaysia to have dinner with them.

 call in

 call on

 call up

 call upon

12.The host was embarrassed when there was not enough food to eat because he had ________ the number of guests attending the function.

 undersized

 undervalued

 underachieved

 underestimated

For each question from 13 to 17, choose the word closest in meaning underlined words.


      Kumar lay silently on the floor, listening to the ticking of his watch as a squeaky mouse scurried by noisily. His captors had left him in the windowless room for the past hour. Chained by the legs to the wall, the possibility of making an escape seem (18) remote. Kumar was feeling (19) increasingly dejected by the minute. Finally, he sat up and rummaged through his backpack. At the same moment, a knock (20) scarcely audible sounded on the front door. Kumar froze in dreaded (21) anticipation. However, as the knocks became louder and (22) incessant, Kumar perked up. He recognised the secret code. His comrades had returned for him.

13.  aloof

        lonely

        impossible

        inaccessible

14.  speedily

        immediately

        continously

        Progressively

15.  barely

        partially

        sufficiently

        moderately

16.  realisation

        expectation

        astonishment

        apprehension

17.  eternal

        intermittent

        monotonous

        uninterrupted

Read the passage below and answer questions 18 to 22.


      Grandpa always had chicken rice and would constantly talk about how good the chef was in making the bite-sized morsels and fragrant rice. My sister and l have heard it so many times that he sounded like an old record.


      A curled photograph preserved my oldest memory of Grandpa. A cigarette his hand and an amused expression on his face, he cradled my two-year-old frame. Nevertheless, that was a long time ago. I now sit in tense silence it was the first time l had been to the cafe without Grandpa. Usually by now, he would have made us the centre of attention. He would have spoken loudly, greeted all his coffee-drinking friends and fussed the waitress to wipe down the table. l realised how much I valued his embarrassing company.


      Grandpa was gallantly eccentric. He would take chances by asking security guards at an art gallery what exactly that silk painting was supposed to be or ordering a McDonald's burger without the bun. He was the one who taught us how to flsh with bamboo rods and live worms although he did not have a license to flsh. Once, he cast a wormless hook into a storm water drain to demonstrate. But miraculously, he caught a flsh that day and this ‘magic’ made him remarkable.


      It was Grandpa who introduced us to the cafe. It was a cosy little place by the beach and Grandpa loved the food served there. I always ordered oyster omelette and Grandpa, the chicken rice. As we tucked in, I would relax and listen to Grandpa and his wisdom. l do not really remember what we talked about. Mostly l remember the moments, just sitting with Grandpa and simply enjoying his presence.


      “We need to get moving” he would say at the end of our visit to the cafe before giving me a big Grandpa hug. A wonderful and unforgettable squeeze reassuring both of us. He always said he wanted to be remembered for spreading love and happiness.


      My visit to the cafe this morning felt different. With no Grandpa, I could order a giant iced chocolate without getting a scolding from him. When the cold drink came, I took a sip but no smile of fulfillment came to my face. This time there was no conversation. Instead there was just stark and painful silence. The cafe was not the same without Grandpa. It all reminded me of him.


      I was not hungry. But either out of habit or to escape the silence, l ordered food anyway. It was a re-enactment of what l always did with Grandpa and yet it felt so unfamiliar and hollow. I read the menu and ordered chicken rice. l did not quite know why l did it. It just seemed like the right thing to do.

For each question from 18 to 22, four options are given. One of them is the correct answer. Make your choice (1, 2, 3 or 4).

18. According to line 3, the writer said that Grandpa sounded like an old record because he kept ______________________.

 ordering the same food

 demanding good service

 talking to people at the cafe

 saying the same thing about the chef

19. According to paragraph 2, why did the author feel that Grandpa’s company could be embarrassing? He _______________.

 smoked at the cafe

 talked loudly at the cafe

 ordered the same food daily

 greeted strangers at the cafe

20. The main idea in paragraph 3 is about Grandpa being ____________ .

 quirky and venturing out of the norm

 resourceful at fishing and silk painting

 a busybody and asking irrelevant questions

 a knowledgeable person with interesting perspectives

21. Based on paragraphs 6 and 7, which of the following statements is true about the writers experience at the cafe alone?

 He was relishing his iced chocolate.

 He was craving to eat his chicken rice.

 He was enjoying the stark silence at the cafe.

 He_was recalling the times he had spent with Grandpa.

22. Which one of the following best describes what the passage is about?

 Dealing with stress

 Food and happiness

 Coping with loneliness

 Family and relationships

Fill in each blank with a suitable word.

Last October I was on a diving holiday in the Philippines with a friend. it was a sunny morning and after breakfast we (23) the boat with seven other advanced divers. This was my fortieth dive, so i knew the drill. I put on the gear and dived off the boat, slowly sinking to about twenty metres.
After nearly forty-five minutes, the sound of my breathing was drowned (24) by a low rumble like an engine and i felt a powerful (25) as if a big boat with a propeller was passing overhead. I looked (26) but could not see anything. The dive instructors eyes were wide (27) confusion. He did not know what was going on either (28) he had done thousands of dives (29). We swam next to each other, staying close to the side of the reef. I could not see my friend and the other divers. The situation felt sinister and dangerous.
Then we were enveloped by clouds of white sand that circled (30) us. I thought with fear in my heart, “(31) it be an underwater bomb?” A giant turtle raced (32) us and into the deep. Turtles (33) normally slow movers, so this was very weird behaviour. The vibration became so (34) that I could feel it in my bones, and the (35) turned into a deafening roar. I could see waterfalls of sand pouring over the coral and on the sea floor, a few metres below us. Cracks began (36) and the sand was sucked down. That was when I (37) it was an earthquake. The noise was the sound of Earth splintering open and grinding against itself.

Read the passage below and answer questions 38 to 47.


      Like many 13-year-olds, my son, Clint, loved playing computer games. He could remain in his world of computer games and emerge only to be fed and watered. Recently, to reassure me that he was not addicted, he volunteered not to touch the computer for a week. l was worried. I kept a close eye on him for signs of withdrawal symptoms. Apart from the fact that he downloaded music of his favourite games to listen to them on his iPod, there was none.


      On the other hand, my daughter, Jade, and i suffered (line 7) as Clint's boredom increased. I had not realised how we had carried on with our lives without him. Suddenly, he was taking our places on the sofa, singing loudly to the music of his iPod to annoy us and flicking television channels in the middle of our favourite programmes.


      Clint seemed to find nothing worthwhile to do other than playing computer games. Suggestions from me to go and read, swim or play badminton got a grunt. I guessed the adrenaline rush of moving up a level on “Minecraft” could not be compared with a gentle read or a few lengths in the pool. When l reminded him to spend less time on the computer, he would scowl at me.


      Clint and l had compromised on two computer-free days a week and a half day at weekends. They were to be Mondays and Wednesdays but very often, l would get a telephone call from him after school, asking to swap days as he had got hooked into a game at a friend's house.


      However, even on computer-free days, we had negotiated that he could use the computer for things that l considered creative or useful such as chess or for school projects. Nevertheless, he was constantly trying to expand these boundaries. (line 22) He would innocently ask over dinner. “Mum, is “SimCity” a creative game?” When l agreed it probably was, as it required more than simply fast reflexes, he immediately demanded to play it on a computer-free day. This he did several times with other games.


      It seemed a long time ago that l naively bought the family a computer for educational purposes, along with a couple of games for Clint and Jade to play between the mathematics quizzes. In the past, it was only on our annual holiday that they were exposed to the world of seemingly innocent computer games at the amusement arcades. These days, however, Clint and his peers seemed to have their earphones plugged into their ears all the time even while playing a hand-held game or at a computer terminal. While waiting for a game to load up (line 33), they would alleviate their boredom by watching the cartoon which was showing on television next to them.


      I feared that these young people were not only becoming unfit from the lack of exercise but that the involvement in these games was so intense that it resulted in high levels of stress. l had occasionally found my son flushed and shaking after a tense game and particularly after competing against a friend.


      I had explained to Clint on several occasions, my anxieties about his health and he appeared to understand this(line 40). The bottom line was, he had so much fun that his eyes came alive when he related the intricacies of a new game and his friendships seemed to be enriched through it. These days, it was not who the best player in the school team was but who the computer games king was and how my son was fighting for that crown.

ALL ANSWERS MUST BE IN COMPLETE SENTENCES.

38. How did Clint reassure his mother that he was not addicted to playing computer games?

39. What were two ways the writer and Jade “suffered” (line 7) as a result of Clint's boredom?

40. Which two words from the third paragraph tell us that Clint was unhappy with his mother's suggestions? (Each word is found in a different sentence.)

41. Explain clearly how Clint would “expand these boundaries” (line 22) with his mother.

42. Explain fully how computer gaming had changed in the writer's family experience.

43. What did Clint and his peers do while waiting for a game to load up (line 33)?

44. In paragraph seven, what were the writers two concerns over Clint’s addiction to computer gaming?

45. What does ‘this’ in line 40 refer to?

46. Quote the three-word phrase from the last paragraph which shows that Clint was excited when talking about a computer game.

47. What was the positive outcome of Clint's addiction to computer gaming?

中学一 / 二年级

Secondary 1/2 English Test

PART A: Grammar and Vocabulary

Choose the correct or most appropriate choice from the options given to fill in the blank for each sentence.

1.The boutique of flowers on the bench _______ beautiful.

 look

 are

 looks

 has

2.The addition of the world class player to the team (1) _____ the odds of winning the championship in their (2) _____.

 1 — skewed, 2 — flavour

 1 — has skew, 2 — favour

 1 — has skewed, 2 — favour

 1 — have skewwed, 2 — flavour

3.That fish may look (1)_____. but it is the (2) _____fish in the Indian Ocean.

 1 — tame, 2 — deadly

 1 — tamish, 2 — deadiest

 1 — tame, 2 — most deadly

 1 — taming, 2 — deadier

4.No one can _______ the winter conditions of this area with just a t-shirt and a pair of shorts.

 withdraw

 withstand

 within

 withheld

5.That truck _____ traffic along this road.

 is obstructed

 is obstructing

 was obstruction

 was obliterating

6.David _____ a meal today.

 have cooked

 has cooked up

 is cooked

 are cooked

7.That building is the _______ of authority for this country's government

 seat

 seat

 sat

 satting

8.Ben claims the painting costs one million dollars. This is just __________..

 outrageous

 lucrid

 lucid

 believable

9.Mr Low (1)_____ that Sam is the (2)______.

 1 — proven, 2 — culprit

 1 — is proving, 2 — culpit

 1 — has proving, 2 — one

 1 — has proven, 2 — culprit

10.It is (1)_____ his ability to (2)_____ this situation.

 1 — beyong, 2 — overcome

 1 — between, 2 — overcame

 1 — beyond, 2 — overcome

 1 — beyond, 2 — overcoming

11.The man has very bad _______ of his environment.

 perceived

 perception

 perceiving

 perceptive

12.Poor nutrition _____ the growth of children in this region.

 have stunted

 has stunned

 has stunted

 is stunning

13.This beverage is simply________.

 refreshing

 refreshed

 refresh

 was refrenshing

14.The man's _____ in the mirror gave away his location.

 reflective

 reflection

 reflect

 reflecting

15.The sun is setting ______ the ocean.

 under

 over

 before

 after

16. He dashed into the house ______ he parked the car.

 as late as

 as soon as

 if

 when

17. The intrusion has destroyed the _____ of this area.

 serenity

 seredity

 peaceful

 chaos

18. He ________ a huge fortune in the last few years.

 has mass

 has amassed

 have amassed

 have amassed

19. The four pictures were placed _____ on the wall.

 symmetrical

 symmetrical

 symmetrical

 systemic

20. That house (1)______ into the ground by 2 cm (2)______ the earthquake.

 1 — has sunking, 2 — after

 1 — has sunk, 2 — since

 1 — has sinken, 2 — since

 1 — have sinking, 2 — after

21. He (1)______ the tennis ball so hard that it (2)_______.

 1 — hit, 2 — was flattened

 1 — hitted, 2 — is flattened

 1 — hut, 2 — was flattened

 1 — hitting, 2 — flat

22.He received (1)______a vicious beating (2)_____ he ended up in hospital.

 1 — such, 2 — which

 1 — such, 2 — that

 1 — so, 2 — that

 1 — so, 2 — which

23.Violence and (1)________ are (2)_______.

 1 — poverty, 2 —separation

 1 — proverbs, 2 — inseparable

 1 — poverty, 2 — inseparable

 1 — poverbs, 1 — separable

24.Gavin has ________his textbook.

 displaced

 undisplaced

 unplaced

 misplaced

25. The pen is _______ than the sword.

 mighty

 weakest

 mightier

 as might as

26.He (1)______ on the broker chair, and it (2)______.

 1 — sat, 2 — collapses

 1 — sits, 2 — collapsed

 1 — sat, 2 — collapsed

 1 — sitting, 2 — collapsing

27. He was able to land ______ with the parachute.

 safe

 safely

 safely

 stealthy

28.The car’s battery is dead (1)______ he left the car engine (2)_____ all night long.

 1 — as, 2 — down

 1 — because, 2 — on

 1 — since, 2 — up

 1 — because, 2 — in

29.The man was (1)______ because someone had (2)_______ off all his hair.

 1 — bald, 2 — cutted

 1 — bold, 2 — cutting

 1 — bald, 2 — cut

 1 — bold, Z — cutted

30.He stopped at the telephone _________ to make a phone call.

 both

 booth

 boring

 boring

Part B - Comprehension

Read the following passages carefully before you attempt any question. Answer all questions. Mistakes in spelling, punctuation and grammar may be penalised m any part of the paper.


Passage A


      The Alaskan dogs stood in front of the sled, ready to pull the sled onto the frozen and snow clad lake. The lake had frozen about four months ago. However, there were signs that the surface of the lake was about to thaw. One could see lines starting to appear on the surface of the ice that covered the icy water underneath. A sudden and surprising snow storm the night before had covered the top of the lake with enough snow to hide the cracking ice underneath. The dogs would be able to step onto the snow instead of the ice. The snow would cushion and take on much of the dogs’ weight. It would make it less hazardous to travel across the vast lake. It would not make it any less necessary.


      Jim and his team had been stranded across the other side of the lake. They had been looking for the lost gold chest belonging to the pirate king. The story of the last pirate king took place a few centuries ago. Long ago, the lake was connected to the sea. The pirate king had sailed his ship into the lake from the sea and then into a hidden cove. It was rumoured that the great lake monster had arisen at that stage and laid waste to the pirate's ship. The pirate king escaped with his golden chest into the swamps nearby.


      In an impromptu holiday trip to this region, Jim met a man who had travelled to the swamps where the pirate king was believed to have buried his golden chest. The man worked illegally as a crocodile hunter. He would journey to the swamps and catch crocodiles. The crocodiles were hunted for their meat and skin. One day, during a routine trip, this hunter, called Mr Edgar, had a bad day with the crocodiles. While Mr Edgar was trying to catch one crocodile, he was attacked by another crocodile. Mr Edgar subdued one crocodile, but the other one overpowered him, knocking him to the ground with its powerful tail. Mr Edgar lied on the ground and waited for the killing blow from the crocodile. Mr Edgar dug deep into the mud in the area and his right hand touched what felt like the hilt of a sword. Desperate times call for desperate measures. He pulled the sword from the mud and plunged it into the crocodile as it leapt onto Mr Edgar. The crocodile was slain and Mr Edgar survived to fight another day. At this point, Mr Edgar was injured. His left leg was broken during the attack of the second crocodile. He made it back to his boat, and left for the local hospital. Mr Edgar hid the sword in his rather large backpack and instructed the hospital staff not to touch the backpack. Mr Edgar underwent an operation for his broken leg. His backpack was stored in his room, and was not examined by hospital staff. Mr Edgar eventually recovered from his broken leg and was discharged from the hospital with crutches. No one discovered the sword in his backpack.


      Mr Edgar then started bragging about his sword and how he had slain the two vicious crocodiles in the swamp with the golden sword in the local pub. When Mr Edgar brought the sword home, he polished the sword and found that there was gold embedded and scattered along the blade of the sword. The rest of the blade was tarnished with age. It gave the sword a golden and yet old look. When Mr Edgar swung the sword in the pub, it swished and gleamed golden in the light of the pub. By a twist of fate, Jim was in the pub during one of those nights. Mr Edgar bragging about his sword was obviously noticeable, but Jim also recognized the engravings of the pirate king on the hilt of the sword. Jim offered Mr Edgar cash for examining the sword. From at point, the two men bonded and attempted to seek out the location of the golden chest from the clues left on the golden sword.

Passage A

1.How was one able to tell the surface of the lake was about to thaw.

2.What had slowed down the thawing of the ice on the lake?

3.From paragraph 1, state what is mean by ‘it would make it less hazardous to travel across the vast lake, it would not make it any less necessary.’

4.Using your own words as far as possible, summarise and describe how Jim had learnt of the location of the golden chest.

Your summary, which must be in continuous writing (not in note form), must not be more than 100 words (not counting the words given to help you begin).

Begin your summary as follows:

Jim met a man who had travelled to the swamps where .....





中学三 / 四年级

Secondary 3/4 English Test

Text 1

In the text below, a mountain climber describes how two young boys faced a problem on a mountain, and how he and his friends behaved in a similar situation. Read the text carefully and answer Questions 1-7 in the Question Paper Booklet.

Mountain adventures

1.Two young rock climbers, Jim Deering and Ryan Angus, were stuck on a high ledge. They had been climbing in the Rocky Mountains when suddenly the fog rolled in. It was late - 6pm - and the fog, thick as candy floss, muffled the fading sun as the world purpled down into absolute blackness. Deering and Angus kept their wits about them. Although they knew they had fifteen hours of below-freezing temperatures ahead of them, and must have been tempted to descend in the darkness, they decided to stay where they were. That was the first of the things they did right.


2.Like Deering and Angus, I've felt it often enough myself, this urge to push on past the safety point rather than sleep in the open air in uncomfortable circumstances. Once, in Peru, four of us were climbing in the Andes Mountains. We were looking for a long ledge of rock, where we had been told there were interesting remains, but we couldn't find it. By evening, we were exhausted and angry, and we had left our tents and sleeping bags down in the river valley tar below us. All we had with us was a little food and water and a climbing rope.


3.We were at the top of a sheer cliff face which dropped below us for what looked to be about twelve metres. It was hard to be sure because of all the vegetation and the gloom that was pooling up at the base of the cliff. We had twenty-four metres of rope: why not rappel down on the rope, continue through the dark jungle for another couple of hours, and sleep in a warm tent? It seemed like a very sensible idea.


4.As we were uncoiling the rope, something l‘d read in some wilderness survival manual began snapping away at the edge of my decision. The book said that a smart hiker never jumps, ever. You might be standing on a fallen tree trunk, and the ground is just half a metre below, but how do you know there isn't some ankle-twisting vine hiding there? According to the manual, you should sit on the tree and lower yourself gently down that half metre to the ground. I had always tended to regard this advice as rather like the diet books that tell you to ‘consult your doctor before beginning this or any weight - reduction programme’. Still, rappelling into inky blackness, without knowing precisely how long a drop it was, suddenly seemed stupid, if not suicidal. ‘A smart hiker.’ I told my companions, ‘never jumps into the whirling darkness of terrible depths.’ Or words to that effect.


5.So we spent a night in the rain, huddled around a weak tire which struggled to stay lit. In the morning, the sun rose on the face of the cliff; jungle rock glowed in pastel pinks and rose-petal reds. The drop was almost fifty metres. We all stood there, looking down, thinking how close we had come to disaster.


6.My thoughts wandered back to Deering and Angus, trapped on their ledge in the Rockies. They knew better than to consider seriously making a descent in the darkness. What they needed was a fire, to ward off hypothermia and to attract rescuers. There were some twigs on the ledge, but they were soaked through. The young climbers had a box of matches and a wilderness survival manual with them. When their first attempts to light the twigs failed, they made their second smart move. They settled back and consulted the manual. Carefully following its instructions, they spent two hours trying to light the fire. It was now 8pm. Rescue helicopters were clattering helplessly through the log and darkness looking for them. Their lives depended on that fire.


7.They were both beginning to get annoyed with their survival manual, so they made their third smart decision of the night. They started ripping out the pages to use as fuel. Success at last! So the two were saved.

Section A

Refer to Text 1 to answer Questions 1 - 5.

1. At the beginning of this text Deering and Angus are trapped on a mountain. Explain how the language used in Paragraph 1 emphasises the lack of visibility on the mountain. Support your ideas with three details from the paragraph.

2. Give two reasons why the writer and his friends found it hard to be sure how far the cliff face extended below them (paragraph 3). Answer in your own words.

3. The writer says that something he had read in a wilderness survival manual ‘began snapping away at the edge of my decision’ (paragraph 4).’

(i) What was his ‘decision’?

(ii) What is suggested by ‘snapping away at the edge’?

4. In paragraph 4 last sentence, the writer says ‘Or words to that effect’. What does this phrase suggest about the style of the language he actually used in the preceding sentence?

5. ‘In the morning, the sun rose on the face of the cliff; jungle rock glowed in pastel pinks and rose-petal reds.The drop was almost fifty metres.’ (paragraph 5)

(i) Explain how the writer creates a contrast between these two sentences.

(ii) What is the effect of this contrast?

Section B

Text 2

The article below is about modern sport. Read the text carefully and answer Questions 6-10.

The nature of sport in today’s world

1.For many people, the single-minded pursuit of sporting achievement in today's world has moved too far away from the traditions on which sport was founded. Such people regard sport as an activity that should be based on notions of ‘fair play‘ and a balance between body and mind, rather than being driven by the players‘ desire to achieve ever-higher levels of performance. In essence, they believe that the sporting experience, regardless of whether at the elite, junior or casual level, should reflect a ‘spirit’ that values participation over winning. In their view, the benefit of sporting performance lies not in the results achieved but in the extent to which it develops the understanding and values of the players.


2.This discord between the traditional model of sport as character building and today‘s achievement-orientated view is evident in concerns about the increased use of technology in sport. Rather than being an activity that allows for freedom of movement and the expression of the individual’s physical potential, under the shadow of technology modern sport has become a highly disciplined endeavour in which performances are rewarded for their measurable outcomes rather than for any kind of inherent virtues.


3.But despite the uneasiness it may provoke, technology is firmly embedded in contemporary sport. The production of improved equipment, such as larger tennis racquets and sprung floors in gymnastics, as well as clothing that variously decreases drag or regulates body temperature, has relied on complex innovation in engineering, as well as in product and material design. Technological advances have also been instrumental in improving the safety of many sports. The development of sophisticated helmets, mouthpieces and padding, for example, has ensured the health and well-being of participants. However, there is also some evidence to suggest that such complex protective equipment may have actually led to greater rates and degrees of injuries, as athletes feel invincible and thus are prepared to take more risks or may even use their safety equipment as weapons on the sports field.


4.Whilst technology is clearly central to the organisation and conduct of modem sport, perhaps the most important aspect of the sports/technology relationship is what is called exercise science, in which improved performance in sport is achieved through study of the scientific principles that underlie human movement. In the quest for outstanding performances, athletes, coaches and sports scientists now rigorously search for techniques that will deliver the elusive ‘edge’, whilst the public crave world records each time an athlete steps onto the track, dives into the pool or tumbles across the mat.


5.These new expectations have affected the whole nature of modern sport. Professional teams travel with almost as many technical staff as they do team members, and these assistants continually poke, prod and test the athletes body, trying to nudge it ever closer towards its limits. Video images are analysed to identify how a single movement could be performed more efficiently, saving a fraction of a second in a competition. The commercial benefits accompanying sporting success mean that securing the slightest advantage over a competitor is paramount. Not only the momentary glory of winning, but financial security and a post-sport career may rest on the split second or fraction of a centimetre resulting from developments outside the athlete's control, such as an improved running shoe or a nutritionally superior diet.


6.Yet modifying the body through physical activity is not confined to the elite athlete. Even casual participants are encouraged to submit their bodies to the tyranny of exercise equipment. A brief wander through any fitness centre reveals a profusion of machinery to adjust a body’s size, shape or capacity. At home also people are increasingly able to access and use the latest developments in food technology to follow diets which will help them to achieve their desired body shape. The latest dietary fads blare out from the television set or leap out of the pages of glossy magazines. Pedometers, heart monitors and iPods, which accompany even the most ordinary athletes on their daily run, are further evidence of the increasing use of electronic technology in everyday sport. in the twenty-first century, exercise and sport are not simply amusing diversions, but are serious undertakings, conducted with the expectation of physical modification achieved through discipline, hard work and, in many cases, the body’s capitulation to the rigours of the machine.

Refer to Text 2 to answer Questions 6 - 10.

6. The writer summarises the traditional benefit of sport as ‘the extent to which it develops the understanding and values of the players’ (line 8). Which three examples of such values are given in Paragraph 1?

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

7. How does the phrase ‘under the shadow of technology’ (line 12) suggest the writer disapproves of technology?

8. What does the writer mean by the phrase 'the elusive edge" (paragraph 4, last sentence )? Answer in your own words.

‘elusive’ means

‘edge’ means

9. What tone is the writer creating in the phrase ‘The latest dietary fads blare out’ (paragraph 6)?

10. Using your own words as far as possible, summarise the ways in which modern sport for both elite athletes and ordinary people has been affected by technology.


Use only information from Paragraphs 5 and 6.


Your summary must be in continuous writing (not note form). It must not be longer than 80 words (not counting the words given to help you begin).

If is clear that technology has changed modern sport because

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